dog breed restrictions by state

Many insurers ban any dog that has been "aggressive" or has a history of biting. Va. Code Ann. 19.) Arizona’s governor Doug Ducey signed Senate Bill 1248 into law on Friday last week. LOCAL REGULATION OF DANGEROUS DOGS. Prohibits finding a dog dangerous or vicious solely based on breed. Nevada A county or municipality may place additional requirements or restrictions on dangerous dogs if the requirements or restrictions: (1) are not specific to one breed or several breeds of dogs; and . McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 107. As used in this section, "dangerous dog" means: 1. A.  Each county board of supervisors may: Summary: This document lists the states that prohibit the regulation of dogs by local governments based on breed, commonly known as breed-specific legislation. Under the amendments, each county board may "[c]ontract with any city or town to enforce the provisions of any ordinance enacted by such city or town for the control of dogs if the provisions are not specific to breed." "All dogs can be 'great dogs,' regardless of breed, if they are properly cared for, loved and trained," stated Agent Rob Bills. (C) An animal is not a "dangerous animal" solely by virtue of its breed or species. C. No canine or canine crossbreed shall be found to be a vicious dog solely because it is a particular breed, nor is the ownership of a particular breed of canine or canine crossbreed prohibited. Except as provided in Section 122331 of the Health and Safety Code, no program regulating any dog shall be specific as to breed. No police dog that was engaged in the performance of its duties as such at the time of the acts complained of shall be found to be a dangerous dog. Pennsylvania No liability policy or surety bond issued pursuant to this act or any other act may prohibit coverage from any specific breed of dog. Cal. Legal Challenges to Breed-Specific Laws. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent a city or county from adopting or enforcing its own program for the control of potentially dangerous or vicious dogs that may incorporate all, part, or none of this chapter, or that may punish a violation of this chapter as a misdemeanor or may impose a more restrictive program to control potentially dangerous or vicious dogs. 4.) Nothing in this act shall prohibit such local governments from enforcing penalties for violation of such local laws. At the end of 2018, California officially tightened up … If you're looking to rent an apartment and are a dog owner, make sure you understand breed restrictions before you submit your application and fee. Owners whose dogs successfully complete the American Kennel Club's Canine Good Citizen program will be exempt from breed bans in Washington state starting in 2020. The laws of the state usually provide the means for a landlord to prohibit the access and ownership of the renter or tenant with certain breeds of dog, sizes or weights of dogs or even no dogs or pets at all on the property. § 4-13-43. Community Cats Program Handbook: Administration, Community Cats Program Handbook: Operations, Why Breed-Specific Legislation Is Ineffective, States Discriminating Against Dogfighting Victims, Pet-Friendly Landlords Increase Profitability, Dog Breed-Neutral Laws for Safe Communities. (i) Regulate and prohibit the going at large of dogs and other animals in the streets and public places of the municipality and prevent cruelty to animals and all inhuman sports, except that no municipality shall adopt breed-specific dog ordinances; Title 22. Overview of States that Prohibit Breed-Specific Legislation by State Law. 17.) In addition to state laws, some cities have their own rules and regulations. Nothing in this act shall prohibit such local governments from enforcing penalties for violation of such local laws. Section 2, (b): "(b) No dog may be declared potentially dangerous based solely on the dog’s breed or perceived breed", Delaware Code Title 22, § 116 Each county board of supervisors may: 3. These laws primarily target pit bulls and various breeds that are included in the pit bull line and mixed breed dogs with pit bull blood. (a) Any person may file a complaint in writing to the hearing authority that a dog owned or kept in the city or town is a nuisance dog or a dangerous dog; provided, however, that no dog shall be deemed dangerous: (i) solely based upon growling or barking or solely growling and barking; (ii) based upon the breed of the dog; or (iii) if the dog was reacting to another animal or to a person and the dog's reaction was not grossly disproportionate to any of the following circumstances: Subd. BSL identifies a dog a… According to the website DogsBite.org, there are approximately 1,000 people in the United States that suffer from dog bites, per day. Vicious dogs shall not be classified in a manner that is specific as to breed. “Pit bull-type dogs and Rottweilers were involved … Under current law, cities in Washington state are allowed to prohibit residents from keeping certain breeds of dogs within the city limits. Texas Virginia 5. 6.) Sec. (d) Insurance coverage discrimination. Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. 10.) South Carolina has an even broader law that says, "[a]n animal is not a 'dangerous animal' solely by virtue of its breed or species." Chapter 1. Section 1.  Section 9-499.04, Arizona Revised Statutes  Connecticut 5.) In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble thes… Ordinances inconsistent with this subdivision are void. The pertinent part of the legislation is included in this list as well as a link to the actual laws. Nothing contained in this article shall prevent a municipality from adopting its own program for the control of dangerous dogs; provided, however, that no such program shall be less stringent than this article, and no such program shall regulate such dogs in a manner that is specific as to breed. Arizona 8.) Section 157. Pennsylvania followed the year after, naming the Great Dane as its official breed. A couple states briefly mention "breed" without specific preemption language. (c) Dogs that pass the American kennel club canine good citizen test or a reasonably equivalent canine behavioral test are given the opportunity to retest to maintain their exemption from breed-based regulations; and According to statistics complied from Dogbites.org, a dog bite victim advocacy organization that supports breed restrictions, the most dangerous dogs are pit bulls and Rottweilers, as well as other fighting dog breeds. No animal that, at the time of the acts complained of, was responding to pain or injury, or was protecting itself, its kennel, its offspring, a person, or its owner's or custodian's property, shall be found to be a dangerous dog. On May 19, 2016, Governor Ducey signed SB 1248 into law. As for cities and counties within Minnesota, you’ll need to check with their laws (and bylaws). General Provisions. Cal. B. Contract with any city or town to enforce the provisions of any ordinance enacted by such city or town for the control of dogs if the provisions are not specific to any breed. Nothing in this Act shall be held to limit in any manner the power of any municipality or other political subdivision to prohibit animals from running at large, nor shall anything in this Act be construed to, in any manner, limit the power of any municipality or other political subdivision to further control and regulate dogs, cats or other animals in such municipality or other political subdivision provided that no regulation, policy or ordinance is specific to breed. Allstate, Amica, Farmers, Geico, Progressive, and State Farm do not have any specific breed restrictions. While there is no federal law that prohibits anyone from owning any type of breed, Minnesota does have laws against the breed of dog you can own. If you’re among these numerous pet lovers, it’s important to make sure you and your pet are provided for in unexpected situations. © 2020 Michigan State University College of Law. (D) (i) Regulate and prohibit the going at large of dogs and other animals in the streets and public places of the municipality and prevent cruelty to animals and all inhuman sports, except that no municipality shall adopt breed-specific dog ordinances; Delaware Code Title 11, § 1327 Illinois (2) are more stringent than restrictions provided by this subchapter. Several states including California, have breed specific laws regarding dogs. There is a similar law under the chapter on Regulation of Vicious Dogs (4-13.1-16). 20.) Rhode Island Gen. Laws, 1956, § 4-13-1 seems to imply that Bristol County may regulate by breed in subsection (2)(ii). (C) An animal is not a “dangerous animal” solely by virtue of its breed or species. Arizona has just become the 20th state to completely do away with breed-specific legislation — laws that ban or otherwise regulate dogs by breed. 2.) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one of this section, this subdivision and sections one hundred twenty-three, one hundred twenty-three-a and one hundred twenty-three-b of this article shall apply to all municipalities including cities of two million or more. . Delaware 3.) (a) The city or county has established and maintains a reasonable process for exempting any dog from breed-based regulations or a breed ban if the dog passes the American kennel club canine good citizen test or a reasonably equivalent canine behavioral test as determined by the city or county; Any less restrictive municipal ordinances, laws or regulations are invalid and of no force and effect. According to the American Pet Products organization, 60.2 million U.S. households have a pet dog.Many of these have more than one pet. The state of Pennsylvania specifically forbids dog breed restrictions in providing homeowner insurance. Maryland was the first state to name a dog breed as a state symbol, naming the Chesapeake Bay Retriever in 1964. The resulting legal issues can cost insurance companies a lot of money, and, for this reason, many insurance companies refuse to insure apartment buildings unless dog breed restrictions are in place. In Michigan, the state Office of Financial and Insurance Services has interpreted their state laws relating to homeowners insurance to prevent restrictions or coverage denials based on breed restrictions. Thirteen states of the United States have designated an official state dog breed. Learn more … West's Ann. Local governing bodies cannot prohibit the ownership of a particular dog breed. These restrictions are enforced to protect people from the potential risk of dog attacks and property damage caused by dogs. . . The use of such lists is not acceptable everywhere. . 16.) Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. No local government, as defined in § 6-1-12, may enact, maintain, or enforce any ordinance, policy, resolution, or other enactment that is specific as to the breed or perceived breed of a dog. (2) Any breed-specific rule, regulation, policy, or ordinance regarding dogs is void. This section shall not apply to any local ordinance adopted prior to October 1, 1990. (b) Though no specific breed of dog is inherently dangerous or vicious, the growing pet overpopulation and lack of regulation of animal breeding practices necessitates a repeal of the ban on breed-specific solutions and a more immediate alternative to existing laws. B. We looked at filings made by the 50 largest home insurance companies. 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